What Is Mochiko Flour? (What Is It Made Of, What’s It For, Substitutes + More) 

You will find flour to be a common ingredient in most recipes since flour can be an excellent addition to add texture, flavor, and more, which led to more varieties of flour to be made, such as mochiko flour.

If this is your first time hearing about mochiko flour, you may be curious as to what mochiko flour is. I looked up the fact, and here is what I discovered!

What Is Mochiko Flour?

Mochiko flour is Japanese sweet rice flour, which features a mildly sweet and milky flavor. Due to mochiko flour’s consistency and flavor, mochiko flour is most commonly used to make Japanese rice cakes called mochi. However, mochiko flour can also be used to create rice noodles and can function as an emulsifying or thickening ingredient.

Are you curious to learn more about what mochiko flour is used for, what the difference is between mochiko flour and rice flour, and more? Keep reading!

What Kind Of Flour Is Mochiko Flour?

Mochiko flour is considered a type of Japanese sweet rice flour since mochiko flour is made from rice and is most often used and made in Japan.

What Is Mochiko Flour Made Of?

Normally, mochiko flour is made from cooked mochigome, which is a type of short-grain glutinous rice.

Manufacturers create mochiko flour by using water to wash the rice to remove the outer husk then the manufacturers dehydrate the rice kernels and grind the kernels to a powder.

What Does Mochiko Flour Taste Like?

Mochiko flour is normally mild in taste, but you may notice some sweetness and milky flavor from mochiko flour.

What Is Mochiko Flour Used For?

What Is Mochiko Flour Used For?

One of the most popular ways people use mochiko flour is to create mochi, and mochi is a sweet and chewy Japanese rice treat that may also be called a Japanese rice cake.

Other than mochi, mochiko flour is a popular ingredient to use to make rice noodles for most Asian dishes.

Additionally, mochiko flour can be excellent for daily use in a kitchen since mochiko flour can be a great way to thicken sauces, soups, and more.

Moreover, mochiko flour can be used in commercially made products as an emulsifying agent since mochiko flour will not let foods separate when the food gets heated or frozen.

What’s The Difference Between Rice Flour And Mochiko Flour?

Rice flour and mochiko flour are both considered types of rice flour, but mochiko flour is specifically known for being sweet rice flour.

Generally, most rice flour will be made with medium-grain rice or long-grain rice, which is the type of rice you will usually use for cooking at home.

On the other hand, mochiko flour is usually with short-grain glutinous rice, which may also be called sticky rice.

Short-grain glutinous rice does not contain gluten, but short-grain glutinous rice has a high starch content, which is what makes mochiko flour an excellent thickening binder and ingredient for mochi.

Both rice flour and sweet rice flour have generally mild tastes, but some people will notice that sweet rice flour will taste slightly milky.

Is Mochiko Flour The Same As Sweet Rice Flour?

Mochiko flour is the same as sweet rice flour since mochiko flour is a type of sweet rice flour.

Is Sweet Rice Flour The Same As Glutinous Rice Flour?

Technically, sweet rice flour (or mochiko flour) can be considered the same as glutinous rice flour since they are both made from glutinous rice.

However, glutinous rice flour can be made from either short-grain or long-grain glutinous rice whereas mochiko rice or sweet flour rice is almost solely made from short-grain glutinous rice.

You may opt to use glutinous rice flour instead of mochiko flour, but it would be best to check if the glutinous rice flour was made from short-grain glutinous rice.

Is Sweet Rice Flour Good For Mochi?

Sweet rice flour or mochiko flour is excellent for making mochi, which you can guess from the name mochiko flour.

Mochiko flour provides the perfect texture and flavor needed to make the outer doughy layer for mochi, which is why most mochi recipes will specifically call for mochiko flour.

Can I Use Regular Flour For Mochi?

Regular flour is not an ideal flour to create mochi because regular flour does not have the same attributes as mochiko flour.

If you were to make mochi using regular flour, you will get a much harder and more brittle outer mochi layer whereas mochiko provides a softer and chewier outer mochi layer.

Therefore, if you were to use regular flour to make mochi you will notice that when you pick the mochi up and chew the mochi, it will crumble easily and be crunchy instead of chewy.

Moreover, regular flour will not taste as pleasant as mochiko flour since mochiko flour provides notes of sweetness and milkiness to mochi.

What Can I Substitute For Mochiko Flour?

If you cannot get your hands on mochiko flour, the next best flour you can use to make mochi is shiratamako, which is another rice flour made from glutinous rice.

Typically, shiratamako is used to make dumplings, but shiratamako may also be used to create other soft and chewy Japanese food like dango (sweet dumplings) and daifuku, which is a treat similar to mochi.

Another good replacement for mochiko flour is dango flour, which is made from a mixture of non-glutinous flour and glutinous flour.

While dango flour is often best for making dango, dango flour can make a quick substitute when making mochi since dango flour will provide the same chewy and soft texture you need.

Take a look at our related articles to discover what Maseca flour is, what moth flour is, and what milled flour is.


Mochiko flour is a popular type of Japanese sweet rice flour that is made from short-grain glutinous rice.

Typically, mochiko flour is used to create mochi since mochiko flour is perfect to create a mildly sweet, milky, and chewy doughy layer for mochi.

However, mochiko flour can be a versatile flour since you can also use mochiko flour to make rice noodles, as an emulsifying agent, and to thicken soups and sauces.

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